Many people might find this fascinating, but it would be better if you approached it with a really enthusiastic voice. The future of technology lies in the Quantum Computers, and you will present visual proof of that claim. Quantum computers are the fastest computers in the world meaning any breakthroughs in the field will lead to groundbreaking results.
In a dimly lit room, there are dozens of electronics boxes stacked on top of each other. The air is cold and heavy with the smell of metal, like in a machine shop. Inside one of the big grey boxes is a strange-looking metal cylinder that’s connected to a thin pipe. The pipe leads to another box on the other side of the room.
What’s inside this whole set-up? A very special computer that could have enormous implications for our future. It’s called quantum computer, and it works according to quantum mechanics laws rather than conventional ones.
The quantum computer is still at an early stage, but scientists hope that one day it will be able to solve problems that no conventional computer can handle. And they are not even thinking small: they want to revolutionize medicine, cryptography, artificial intelligence, weather prediction and much more – including solving climate change!
History of quantum computing
Quantum machines provide an entirely new way to process information. The potential for qubits to be in a superposition of states at the same time means they can store and process more and different kinds of information than classical bits.
The first quantum computers were built in the 1990s, with IBM introducing theirs in 1993. The power of these machines was extremely limited, but they provided a proof-of-concept that quantum computing wasn’t just a pipe dream.
For the next 20 years, progress was steady but slow. It wasn’t until 2013 that a Canadian company called D-Wave built what they claimed was the world’s first commercially available quantum computer.
It’s difficult to know exactly how powerful this machine is because its qubits are arranged in what is known as an adiabatic quantum optimization processor — a very special type of processor that isn’t well understood yet.
Since then, IBM has built their own 5-qubit machine and made it freely available to use via the cloud. Their most recent chip has 50 qubits, although this hasn’t been released for general use yet.
How does it work?
Qubits are often made from atoms or photons (light particles). The atoms are placed inside a giant electromagnet which causes them to spin one way or another. These spins represent 0s and 1s in a normal computer bit. But if you change the magnetic field, the atom begins spinning both up and down at once. Because of this, qubits can hold more information than a normal bit. Let’s say you have two qubits working together; they can hold four different values at once: 00, 01, 10, 11. If you had three qubits together, they could hold eight values
Why is it so special?
Quantum computing, the science of harnessing subatomic particles to perform calculations, has long been considered the next big thing in technology. The ability for quantum computers to process millions of calculations simultaneously would revolutionize the way we do everything from predicting the weather to managing our finances. However, researchers have been trying for decades to develop a quantum computer that can process more than a few calculations at once without breaking down and have had little success. This article aims to answer the following questions: What is quantum computing? Why is it so special? What will it be used for?
Where are we now?
The quantum computer is an intriguing machine that uses the laws of quantum mechanics to do calculations. To understand why it is so powerful, let’s first look at what ordinary computers do.
Ordinary computers store information in bits, each of which can be either 1 or 0. A computer with n bits can represent 2^n numbers at once. For example, a computer with 32 bits can represent 2^32 different values, which works out to about 4 billion different numbers..
Quantum cryptography is a unique form of technology that uses the principles of quantum mechanics to secure and protect data. Quantum cryptography has become an important part of the effort to construct a quantum computer, essentially because it makes use of the same type of principles that are thought to be at work in such a device. The basic concept involves the creation of a connection between two parties, both of which are involved with encoding their communications so that third parties cannot decipher the message being sent back and forth.
Education and training in quantum computing
Scientists and engineers have begun to build quantum computers, devices that exploit the rules of quantum mechanics to solve problems beyond the capabilities of classical computers. But even as the first quantum computers become available, many important technical details remain unresolved.
There are few endeavors that are more mysterious and groundbreaking than quantum physics, and quantum computing is one of the most interesting branches of it. When looking at the future of technology, any scenario that includes the presence of a quantum computer could be deemed exciting. It will bring about unprecedented changes to the way we live and work and will ultimately improve our existence in a myriad of ways. Why does this matter? Because if there’s one thing certain about the future, it’s that as time goes on, technology becomes more in touch with our everyday lives—and we can’t wait to see where it takes us next.